The Bhutan sustainable Rural Biomass Energy (BSRBE) project is a three years programme contributing to the reduction of greenhouse emission through the sustainable production and utilization of biomass through promotion and dissemination of efficient cook stoves in the rural areas of Bhutan and implementation of demonstration biomass energy technologies in relevant industries. This will be achieved through supporting market mechanism, mainstreaming sustainable biomass energy in policy formulation and building capacities in the management of community forests and production and utilization of biomass energy technologies using wood as fuel.
Cook stoves are part and parcel of women and children’s live in many parts of the world. Drudgery and burden of collecting fire wood in rural Bhutan falls on women and children. More often than not, they have to walk long distances into thick jungle to collect fire wood with many safety and security concerns.
At the same time, they remain vulnerable to indoor smoke and pollution compared to men, thereby increasing the risk of health related problems such as lungs and eye infections. Therefore under this project, atleast 1/3rd of participants in every aspect of the project development including planning, designing, implementation, operation and maintenance shall be women.
Project Goals: Reduction of GHG (Green House Gas) emission in the rural household and industrial sectors of Bhutan through integrated and sustainable biomass recourse production and utilization, and promotion of sustainable biomass energy technologies in Bhutan using market based approaches.
Objectives: Removal of barriers to sustainable utilization of available biomass resources in the country; and application of biomass energy technologies that can support the economics and social development in the country’s rural sector.
Benefits of improved stoves
Traditional Bhutanese stove have some inherent disadvantages. First and for most, it consumes a lot of fire wood, since its efficiency in terms of fuel wood consumption is as low as 8%. People in the past have not felt the pinched of fire wood scarcity, since the forest resources were at their door steeps in abundance but now the scenarios are changing due to population growth and expanding demand from other sectors. If such resources are not consumed in sustainable manner, this can lead to deforestation, degradation, soil erosion and ultimately collapse our fragile ecosystem. The other distinct disadvantages of open traditional stove are indoor pollution and health hazards. Traditional stoves are smoky and blacken whatever they find on their way. This can have serious health implication such as respiratory and eye related health problems in Rural Bhutan. Women and children become the main victims of such indoor pollution since they are the one who mostly remain indoor. There are also other disadvantages such as low heat retention capacity and high emission of green house gas (GHG) etc.
Project implemented in three Dzongkhags : Zhemgang, Tsirang& Dagana
|Project||Project Area||Executing Agent||Number of installation of stoves||Funded by|
|Installation of Improved Wood Stove||Zhemgang District||DRE, MoEA||430 improved wood stove under8 Gewogs.||GEF/UNDP, Bhutan Trust Fund for Environmental Conservation and Joint support Programme|
|TsirangDistrict||DRE,MoEA||813improved wood stove under 12Gewogs|
|DaganaDistrict||DRE,MoEA||726 improved wood stove under14Gewogs|